Population

The demographic profile of Cameroon is complex for a country of its population. Cameroon comprises an estimated 250 distinct ethnic groups, which may be formed into five large regional-cultural divisions:

Western highlanders (Semi-Bantu or grassfielders), including the Bamileke, Bamum (or Bamoun), and many smaller Tikar groups in the Northwest (est. 38% of total population);
Coastal tropical forest peoples, including the Bassa, Duala (or Douala), and many smaller groups in the Southwest (12%);
Southern tropical forest peoples, including the Beti-Pahuin, Bulu (a subgroup of Beti-Pahuin), Fang (subgroup of Beti-Pahuin), Maka, Njem, and Baka pygmies (18%);
predominantly Islamic peoples of the northern semi-arid regions (the Sahel) and central highlands, including the Fulani (French: Peul or Peuhl; Fula: Ful?e) (14%); and
the "Kirdi", non-Islamic or recently Islamic peoples of the northern desert and central highlands (18%).

An up-to-date demographic profile is currently unavailable from the country's government, which hasn't published census data since 1976.

The Cameroon government held two national censuses during the country's first 44 years as an independent country, in 1976 and again in 1987. Results from the second head count were never published. A third census, expected to take years to produce results, began on November 11, 2005, with a three-week interviewing phase. It is one of a series of projects and reforms required by the International Monetary Fund as prerequisites for foreign debt relief.

Population

The population of Cameroon goes up to 21,699,631 people
Cameroon ended 2012 with a population of 21,699,631 people, which represents an increase of 543,359 people compared to 2011. Cameroon is no. 55 among the 182 countries which published this information in DatosMacro.com. The female population is greater with 10,853,507 women representing 50.01% of the total, compared to 10,846,124 or 49.98 per cent men.
Cameroon shows a moderate population density, with 46 people per square km, and it was in position 65th in our ranking of density population in 2012. In this page we show you the progression of the population in Cameroon. You can see the population in other countries in population and see all the information about Cameroon in Cameroon's economy.

 

    

Date

Population

M. Population

F. Population

Population Density

2012 21,699,631 10,846,124 10,853,507 46
2011 21,156,272 10,572,978 10,583,294 44
2010 20,624,343 10,305,308 10,319,035 43
2009 20,103,945 10,043,149 10,060,796 42
2008 19,595,026 9,786,515 9,808,511 41
2007 19,097,676 9,535,496 9,562,180 40
2006 18,611,937 9,290,184 9,321,753 39
2005 18,137,734 9,050,601 9,087,133 38
2004 17,674,960 8,816,703 8,858,257 37
2003 17,223,277 8,588,337 8,634,940 36
2002 16,782,044 8,365,265 8,416,779 35
2001 16,350,440 8,147,175 8,203,265 34
2000 15,927,713 7,933,763 7,993,950 34
1999 15,513,653 7,724,958 7,788,695 33
1998 15,107,909 7,520,574 7,587,335 32
1997 14,709,426 7,320,052 7,389,374 31
1996 14,316,949 7,122,711 7,194,238 30
1995 13,929,575 6,928,056 7,001,519 29
1994 13,546,948 6,735,902 6,811,046 28
1993 13,169,247 6,546,342 6,622,905 28
1992 12,796,831 6,359,527 6,437,304 27
1991 12,430,339 6,175,744 6,254,595 26
1990 12,070,359 5,995,261 6,075,098 25
1989 11,716,975 5,818,108 5,898,867 25
1988 11,370,394 5,644,384 5,726,010 24
1987 11,031,515 5,474,526 5,556,989 23
1986 10,701,458 5,309,084 5,392,374 23
1985 10,381,098 5,148,490 5,232,608 22
1984 10,070,779 4,992,906 5,077,873 21
1983 9,770,555 4,842,362 4,928,193 21
1982 9,480,638 4,696,986 4,783,652 20
1981 9,201,146 4,556,869 4,644,277 19
1980 8,932,121 4,422,055 4,510,066 19
1979 8,673,666 4,292,596 4,381,070 18
1978 8,425,707 4,168,447 4,257,260 18
1977 8,187,840 4,049,410 4,138,430 17
1976 7,959,500 3,935,204 4,024,296 17
1975 7,740,196 3,825,582 3,914,614 16
1974 7,529,704 3,720,440 3,809,264 16
1973 7,327,874 3,619,692 3,708,182 15
1972 7,134,374 3,523,122 3,611,252 15
1971 6,948,847 3,430,486 3,518,361 15
1970 6,770,967 3,341,575 3,429,392 14
1969 6,600,479 3,256,241 3,344,238 14
1968 6,437,157 3,174,389 3,262,768 14
1967 6,280,743 3,095,932 3,184,811 13
1966 6,130,990 3,020,807 3,110,183 13
1965 5,987,671 2,948,948 3,038,723 13
1964 5,850,454 2,880,201 2,970,253 12
1963 5,719,135 2,814,452 2,904,683 12
1962 5,593,768 2,751,722 2,842,046 12
1961 5,474,509 2,692,076 2,782,433 12
1960 5,361,367 2,635,508 2,725,859  

 

     

 Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Cameroon not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.

Period

Live births per year

Deaths per year

Natural change per year

CBR*

CDR*

NC*

TFR*

IMR*

1950-1955

203 000

117 000

86 000

43.4

24.9

18.5

5.68

169

1955-1960

222 000

120 000

102 000

43.0

23.3

19.7

5.68

158

1960-1965

252 000

124 000

128 000

44.0

21.6

22.3

5.90

145

1965-1970

287 000

130 000

157 000

44.6

20.1

24.5

6.10

133

1970-1975

332 000

136 000

196 000

45.2

18.3

26.8

6.30

120

1975-1980

382 000

143 000

239 000

45.1

16.5

28.6

6.40

108

1980-1985

439 000

143 000

296 000

44.7

15.0

29.7

6.40

98

1985-1990

487 000

148 000

339 000

42.9

14.1

28.9

6.10

93

1990-1995

536 000

172 000

364 000

41.0

14.0

27.0

5.70

94

1995-2000

563 000

204 000

359 000

38.0

14.6

23.5

5.10

96

2000-2005

632 000

243 000

389 000

38.0

15.3

22.7

4.92

97

2005-2010

691 000

270 000

421 000

37.2

15.0

22.2

4.67

94

* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

 

Ethnic groups

  • Cameroon Highlanders 31%
  • Equatorial Bantu 19%
  • Kirdi 11%
  • Fulani 10%
  • Northwestern Bantu 8%
  • Eastern Nigritic 7%
  • other African 13%
  • non-African less than 1%

Languages

24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Religions       

Indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

Age structure

  • 0-14 years: 40% (male 4,151,140/female 4,076,797)
  • 15-24 years: 20.3% (male 2,107,067/female 2,066,718)
  • 25-54 years: 31.9% (male 3,317,740/female 3,240,609)
  • 55-64 years: 4.3% (male 419,751/female 468,077)

65 years and over: 3.4% (male 319,597/female 381,725) (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios

Total dependency ratio: 85.8 %

Youth dependency ratio: 79.8 %

Elderly dependency ratio: 6 %

Potential support ratio: 16.7 (2013)

Median age

  • Total: 19.7 years
  • Male: 19.6 years
  • Female: 19.8 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate

2.04% (2013 est.)

Birth rate

  • 31.93 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Death rate

  • 11.51 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Net migration rate:            

  • 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)

 Urbanization

  • Urban population: 52.1% of total population (2011)
  • Rate of urbanization: 3.23% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas – population

  • YAOUNDE (capital) 2.432 million (2011)
  •  Douala 2.053 million (2011)

Sex ratio        

  • At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
  • 0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
  •  15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
  •  25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
  • 55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
  • Total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

  • 19.4 (2004 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

  • 690 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate

  • Total: 58.51 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Male: 62.92 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Female: 53.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

  • Total population: 55.02 years
  • Male: 54.1 years
  • Female: 55.95 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate   

  • 4 children born/woman (2013 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

  • 23.4% (2011)

Health expenditures

  • 5.1% of GDP (2010)

Physicians density

  • 0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2004)

Hospital bed density

  • 1.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking water source

Improved:

  • Urban: 95% of population
  • Rural: 52% of population
  • Total: 77% of population

Unimproved:

  • Urban: 5% of population
  • Rural: 48% of population
  • Total: 23% of population (2010 est.)

Sanitation facility access

Improved:

  • Urban: 58% of population
  • Rural: 36% of population
  • Total: 49% of population

Unimproved:

  • Urban: 42% of population
  • Rural: 64% of population
  • Total: 51% of population (2010 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

  • 5.3% (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

  • 610,000 (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths

  • 37,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases

  • Degree of risk: very high
  • Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
  • vector borne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
  • Water contact disease: schistosomiasis
  • Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
  • Animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

  • 10.3% (2008)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

  • 16.6% (2006)

Education expenditures

  • 3.2% of GDP (2011)

Literacy          

  • Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • Total population: 71.3%
  • Male: 78.3%
  • Female: 64.8% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

  • Total: 12 years
  • Male: 12 years
  • Female: 11 years (2011)

Child labor - children ages 5-14

  • Total number: 1,396,281
  • Percentage: 31 % (2006 est.)